What is the optimal temperature and humidity level for storing wine? These are great questions to ask because most people do not realize it, but temperature and humidity influence how wine tastes. In order to preserve your wine so that it retains its great taste for the longest among of time, here is our brief guide to wine storage. Let’s learn why temperature and humidity make all the difference in preserving the taste of wine our website.
Optimal Temperature for Wine Storage
An atmosphere that is too hot or too cold can affect the taste of wine in different ways. At temperatures over 65 degrees Fahrenheit, the cork in the wine bottle begins to dry out. As the cork dries, unwanted air and humidity begin to seep into the wine bottle. Over time, this can cause the fruit in the wine to age, discoloration may occur, and can contribute to a sour or bitter taste. Generally, wine should not be stored in areas where the temperature drops below 45 degree Fahrenheit. Why? The cold temperature can slow down the wine’s maturation rate, leaving strong tannins and an extremely acidic bite when tasted. If your goal is to let your vino age gracefully while preserving its good taste, avoid storing wine in either temperature extremes.
Optimal Humidity For Storing Wine
Humidity can also influence how wine tastes, especially when stored for extended period of time. Extreme humidity levels – whether too high or too low – can actually damage the taste of wine. An ideal humidity level is between 60 and 70 percent. What happens to your wine when the humidity levels are too high? One word: Mold. Again, if the water vapor level in the air is too dry, the cork can dry out Luckily, you can easily monitor humidity levels with the help of a good hygrometer.
Temperature and Taste
When it comes to temperature and taste, consider these rules of thumb: A warm, humid climate ages wine; a cool, dry climate prevents wine aging. From this standpoint, you can begin to understand how to make a really good wine even better.
Let’s say that you have invested in a wine that needs to be aged before it can be properly enjoyed. You have to keep the bottle stored at a slightly warmer temperature to accelerate the aging process. Rather than going for the gusto, experts recommend that you gradually increase the temperatures over the course of a few days to prevent “shocking” the wine. The gradual temperature increase allows enzymes to begin breaking down sugars, allowing the wine to come into maturity slowly, and properly develop the full, rich taste that you desire.
Comparatively speaking, it is a much rarer occurrence to delay or slow down a wine’s aging process, but sometimes you may open a bottle and decide that further developing is in order. You slow down the aging process of an opened bottle of wine by storing in the refrigerator. Although it may sound like a good idea to toss the bottle into the freezer, it is not recommended due to the introduction of ice crystals, which can dilute and alter the original flavor of the wine.
How Should I Store My Wine?
Wine storage is not a difficult process to grasp. Make sure to follow the general rules of thumb: 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit with a relative humidity around 50% is the best way to preserve wine taste. Proper wine storage will ensure that the next time you experience your best-tasting vino possible! Many wine enthusiasts invest in wine cellars with climate control in order to preserve the integrity of their fine selection of wine.